The center for monitoring and responding to computer attacks in the financial sector, the Central Bank released a review of fraudulent financial transactions in Russia last year. The year was memorable for mostly the first successful attack on the Bank via SWIFT, as well as a reduction in the number of attempts to steal money from legal entities and Bank cards in General. What the switch Scam?
The first successful andTaka via SWIFT
2017 will go down in history as the year that hackers successfully attacked for the first time a Russian Bank via the SWIFT system. And stole 339,5 million rubles, the report said.
According to “Vedomosti” and “Kommersant”, the victim of the attack was the Bank “Globex”. The President of a financial institution Valeri Ovsyannikov confirmed that “it was an attempt to attack”, but noted that customer funds were not injured.
At the end of December “Globex” opened the amount of theft: the hackers managed to withdraw about one million dollars, but most of the money blocked and returned.
The use of channel SWIFT enough. Usually hackers use for a withdrawal card. In the world practice this system is used more often. In 2016, the attackers stole 81 million dollars from the accounts of the Central Bank of Bangladesh and the Federal reserve system of the USA.
Lessfraud with the accounts of legal entities
From the accounts of companies in 2017 tried to steal funds 841 times. The volume of such operations in 2017 significantly decreased by 17.4 per cent to 1.57 billion. But to return the money back was not all. The company received a little more than half that amount.
Most fraudsters are interested in the amount of from 100 thousand to 1 million rubles. This segment accounts for half of the fraudulent operations of the companies. Just over a third segment of from one to ten million.
The most popular way of stealing money — the introduction of malicious code, since transactions are mostly accomplished with desktop computers.
The number of attacks on cards is also reduced
The average amount of card fraud in 2017 in Russia amounted to 3 thousand rubles. She, too, has fallen, as has the volume of transactions of the attackers with cards issued in Russia. It reached almost 1 billion.
Slightly less than half of the operations of the Russian Bank cards takes place outside of Russia. The absolute leader in the number and volume of fraudulent transactions using credit cards in Russia — Moscow, noted in the review.
Cryptocurrency PrefLukla attentionScam
The decline of interest in the theft of Bank cards is possible due to the fact that are increasingly developing cryptocurrency and interest of scammers switched on.
But maybe this trend will last long. Legislative regulation of the market of cryptocurrency can lead to an increase in fraudulent transactions, the report said.
“Legislative regulation of the relevant market (cryptocurrency — Bi-bi-si) may reduce its attractiveness to attackers that might lead to the increase of their activity in the field of remote payment services and, consequently, increasing the number and amount of unauthorized transactions,” reads the review.
ATMs and terminals become less interesting
Interest fraudsters to him, judging by the statistics, is reduced. The number of illegal operations fell by a third to 230,7 million. And the damage from actions of swindlers amounted to 42 million rubles.
According to the Central Bank, mainly uses several ways of hacking ATMs: connection to devices devices to manage, remote management after exposure to the virus and physical impact on them (e.g., explosion).
Now the interest of attackers has moved to CNP transactions — that is, those which do not require presentation of the card during payment. The number of the latter is insignificant (about half a percent), but grew up and costilo 726,4 million.
To police cases do not reach
As it turned out, many Russians prefer not to contact the police in case of fraud on their credit card.
About 97 percent of unauthorized transactions using the card or know exactly what appeals to law enforcement agencies there, or on this appeal there is no data.
Only 20 percent of legal entities, faced with fraud, they contacted law enforcement.
This may be due to the fact that the client in such cases usually goes to the Bank, and that you can apply to the police, the operator does not notify.