In the working report of the Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD) States that the state apparatus should clearly understand the essence of the blockchain technology because of the lack of understanding of the potential use of technology in the public administration often remains underestimated.
The report also refers to a number of key technology benefits: cost reduction, transparency and efficiency in the fight against fraud and errors.
The OECD comes to the conclusion that the blockchain can help state agencies fight fraud and errors, and reduce costs of paper documents and to ensure transparency of interactions. However, the technical complexity and risks associated with safety have impeded its implementation.
The authors gave examples blockchain experiments in other countries: USA, Sweden, Denmark, Mexico and Singapore, but for some reason, ignored Federal and regional authorities, blockeel pilot projects existing in Russia.
For example, last week we reported that the CBR has published the implementation details of the operations for letters of credit using the blockchain. Overall, in 2018 the Federal service for intellectual property (Rospatent) will review approximately 300 applications for patents of systems based on blockchain technology. Earlier it was reported that the state Duma will soon consider a proposal for use of the blockchain in the process of elections of the mayor of Moscow.
Among the limiting factors for the application of the blockchain, the OECD noted privacy and permanence — cons of technology for gasservice, high energy consumption and high cost of experimentation with it.
According to estimates of the organization, to date, the governments of 46 different countries have already launched or prepared to launch more than 200 different blockchain projects, which include mainly research projects — 42, experiments with system identification — 25 storage of personal data 25 and the economic model (24), financial services, land registry, the national currency, the benefits system and standardization.
The OECD concludes that the key sectors of the use of technology among governments of different countries are public services, but combinations of projects in different areas can help to achieve greater efficiency and optimize communication between departments.
Over time, blockchain-technologies could weaken the role of centralized institutions of governance, turning them into suppliers of decentralized services for communities, recognize the authors of the report.